En caso de querer dar acceso externo a una web o cualquier otro servicio de vuestra máquina, si teneis iptables como firewall, es posible que tengais que abrir los puertos correspondientes.

Obtener listado de reglas de iptables:
iptables -L -n

Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination
ACCEPT     udp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           udp dpt:53
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:53
ACCEPT     udp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           udp dpt:67
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:67
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT     icmp --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state NEW tcp dpt:22
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state NEW tcp dpt:80
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-host-prohibited 

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            192.168.122.0/24    state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT     all  --  192.168.122.0/24     0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Añadir regla para abrir el puerto 8080 (podemos sustituirlo por cualquier otro):
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp –dport 8080 -j ACCEPT

Volvemos a listar las reglas y veremos que ya aparece la que hemos introducido:
iptables -L -n

Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination
ACCEPT     udp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           udp dpt:53
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:53
ACCEPT     udp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           udp dpt:67
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:67
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT     icmp --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state NEW tcp dpt:22
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           state NEW tcp dpt:80
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:8080
ACCEPT     tcp  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           tcp dpt:8080 

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            192.168.122.0/24    state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT     all  --  192.168.122.0/24     0.0.0.0/0
ACCEPT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
REJECT     all  --  0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           reject-with icmp-host-prohibited